Primo Guide





C a r d i o

Flow and function monitoring.

Cardiac function augmented by
high-powered turbine capable of
pushing enriched blood through the
body five times faster than a human heart.

The heart can be shut down and
entirely replaced by the cardiac
turbine, ending unfashionable pulses

Pressured nanobobbles contain extra
oxygen supply to allow continued
function for several hours in case
of heart failure or drowning.


First heart transplant by
Dr. Christiaan Barnard, 1967.

Jarvic Heart, late 1970s.
First heart transplant
with bi-ventricular assist
device (BVAD) 1998.

Testing of a battery-powered
implantable total artificial
heart (TAH) 2001.